The idea of paralinguistics refers to the part of human communication that transcends the use of verbal language . The paralinguistics is given by signs, signs and aspects that serve to contextualize or what hint interpretations of the information .
The tone of the voice, the pauses when speaking and the way of controlling the breath, for example, are paralinguistic elements. From these questions, the message acquires different characteristics, beyond the words used specifically for its production.
The paralinguistic, also known as paraverbal , allows to give different nuances to the sense of the verbal. The specialists recognize in this set the phonic modifiers , the silences , the pauses , the quasi-lexical elements and the sound indicators that reflect an emotional or physiological reaction.
Take the case of the voice . He tone , the intensity and the doorbell , to mention some physical traits of sound, can reveal the mood of the speaker. The choice of certain paralinguistic elements of this type can allow a person to express their surprise or happiness.
The laughter or a sigh , meanwhile, they also affect the message. In some cases, these signs are emitted unconsciously, although they can be used on purpose by the individual.
In the field of paralinguistics enter the wailing , the snoring and other sounds In a talk, an individual can express "Mmm" to convey a doubt or to agree, according to how that issue noise .
It is important to keep in mind that certain components of paralinguistics are common to many cultures but others are specific to certain groups. Therefore, in some communicative contexts, they may not be useful.