The superstructure it is the part of a construction that is above the level of I usually . It differs, therefore, from the infrastructure (the part of the construction that is below ground level).
For the naval Engineering , the superstructure is the part of the ships that appears above the deck. The civil Engineering , on the other hand, considers that the superstructure is the structural part that is supported by columns or other supporting elements.
In this way, for example, a bridge has as a superstructure all those elements that are positioned above the pillars and columns that serve as its support.
In the railway field, of course, the superstructure is also a fundamental element to undertake the construction of the corresponding roads that allow trains to run without any problems and with all relevant safety measures.
In this area, the superstructure is the set formed by the track, the devices and the rest of the facilities that are necessary for the efficient and safe operation of the train. Among those are, therefore, the ballast, the sleepers, the screws, the deviations, the changes of needles or the signals, among others.
In another sense, the superstructure refers to the cultural or ideological structure that is based on another . The term is common in Marxist theory, which states that the superstructure are the ideas of a society that arise from their economic base.
He historical materialism argues that infrastructure is the material basis of society. The superstructure depends on it: this means that the moral , the philosophy , the artistic manifestations, the religion , the science and any political institution are conditioned by the material base.
More specifically we can establish that in Marxism it is determined that the infrastructure is responsible for determining both development and social change, and also that it is made up of workers and the different set of natural resources and technical means that are they have.
The superstructure does not have an independent existence, but develops according to the interests of the ruling class. Its changes are a consequence of the modifications that occur in the infrastructure.
This Marxist thought assumes that there is no independence of thought from material conditions. Infrastructure conditions the development of mental activity. The Marxist revolution appeals to infrastructure change to change society as a whole , including social relations, institutions and all elements of the superstructure.
Finally, we have to make clear that reference is also made to what is known as the superstructure of sexuality. It is a term with which it becomes clear what are the fundamental keys for any couple to enjoy a pleasant intimate relationship.
Specifically, it is considered that in order to achieve success at that level, sexual vigor, caresses, fantasies, kisses, toys and even visual stimuli should be present.