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Belgian Adolphe Sax (1814 -1894 ) made an invaluable contribution to the world of music, since he invented the instrument that we all know today with the name of saxophone . The name of this instrument in French (saxophone) join the last name of its creator (Sax ) with the concept phone ("sound" ).

As expected, Sax had a very close relationship with music, since he was a clarinetist. It is believed that, from this instrument, he developed the saxophone, which is commonly known as saxophone and that, in some countries , it is also named as saxophone .

The saxophone and the clarinet, therefore, share several characteristics. Is about instruments that have a nozzle attached to a simple tongue and that are usually manufactured with brass , a zinc and copper alloy characterized by its malleability and ductility, in addition to its yellow color and the ease with which it can shine.

Shaped conical tube widened at its end, each saxophone has at least twenty holes from tone and two octave keys. The holes have pads which, according to the fingering of the instrument, close or open them.

Usually, the saxophone is used to reproduce pieces of jazz or blues . It is also often used in military bands . According to the tuning of the instrument, it is possible to talk about different types of saxophones.

He baritone saxophone have the registry more serious and is tuned in Eb . He alto saxophone , on the other hand, is an octave less serious than the baritone saxophone. He tenor saxophone (tuned in If flat ), he soprano saxophone (one octave higher than the tenor saxophone) and the sopranino saxophone (of little use) are other kinds of saxophone.

These differences are very important, and should be taken into account before beginning to learn to play this instrument, to choose the most appropriate type to our needs and tastes . In addition to the tuning and style we want to play, it is essential to pay attention to another factor: size of the saxophone, something that also happens, for example, with the violin.

The saxophone is an inexpensive instrument at an economic level, which is why it is not always convenient to hurry to buy one before having verified that we have the necessary vocation to dedicate a large part of our life to the study of technique . Mastering an instrument is a task that is never completed, just as with any other discipline: the more experience and skill, new challenges are presented, increasingly complex. Fortunately, it is relatively easy to find music stores that offer the option of renting a saxophone.

Regarding the parts of the saxophone, they don't always come all included in a package , so it is very important to get proper advice before investing money. Internet is the space where all the necessary information is found, but also the most overwhelming for beginners, and that is why it is preferable to speak directly with a person experienced in the subject.

One of the parts that may not be included with the instrument but that is essential to play is the mouthpiece, and its availability in stores is directly proportional to the rarity of the type of saxophone we have chosen. On the other hand, it is important not to opt for the cheapest or believe that only professionals are worth, reasoning that also applies when buying the instrument: at the beginning it is preferable look for the highest quality at the most accessible price , as there will always be time to level up once we can honor it with our interpretations .

Among the best known saxophonists in history, we can mention Charlie Parker , John Coltrane and Kenny G .

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