He basketball or basketball (of English basketball) is a sport in which two teams of five players each compete. The objective is insert the ball (ball) into the hoop (basket or basket) of the opposing team , which is located at 3.05 meters high . Therefore, basketball is usually played by people of great stature.
However, we must not forget that for years there is also another form of basketball that is played by people who have physical disability problems. Specifically, there is a modality that is played by those who go in wheelchairs and it should be stressed that it practically has the same rules as regular basketball.
East game was invented by the Canadian professor of physical education James Naismith , in December 1891 . Naismith I was looking to create an activity so that young people could perform in a closed gym during the winter.
This is how basketball was born, whose matches currently have a duration of 40 minutes (four periods of 10 minutes each). The exception to this rule is the American League of National Basketball Association (NBA) , considered the best in the world, whose matches last 48 minutes (four periods of 12 minutes). It should be noted that there are several different rules between NBA and the Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA) , the body that governs this sport internationally.
Both in one case and another, once the second or fourth period is over, the moment of rest takes place, in which the players of both teams, together with the rest of the coaching staff, leave for the changing rooms. Resting properly and planning new tactics to beat the opponent are two of the tasks that are performed during that period of paralysis of the game that usually lasts approximately 15-20 minutes.
With regard to measures, it should be stressed that the track, divided into two equal parts, must be 15 meters wide and 28 meters long. It must have a central circle of 3.6 meters in diameter.
The ball, meanwhile, is orange, usually has black lines, should weigh between 600 and 800 grams and must also have a diameter of about 24 centimeters.
Basketball scores have different values. The most usual is the double (worth two points). When players throw from behind a line that is 6.25 meters from the hoop (7.24 meters in the NBA), the score is worth three points (triple ). However, when a player receives a foul at the time of throwing the hoop, he obtains the right to shoot from the free line , without opposition. In this case, the annotation will only be worth one point.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore mentioning some of the best basketball players in history, such as Michael Jordan, Kobe Bryant, Larry Bird, Magic Johnson or Kareem Abdul Jabar.