A mausoleum is a tomb lavish . The term comes from Mausolum, a Latin word that referred to the sepulcher of Mausolo who was monarch of Caria between the years 337 BC and 353 a. C.
When Mausolo passed away, his wife, sister and successor Artemisia He summoned great Greek sculptors and architects of the time to develop a funerary monument in his honor. A) Yes, Timothy , Satyr , Broom , Piteo , Leocares and other artists developed a work shocking about 46 meters high and 134 perimeter.
He Tomb of Mausoleion or Mausoleum at Halicarnassus it has four plants that at the time showed ornaments in reliefs created by the important Greek sculptors mentioned in the previous paragraph. Such was the aesthetic success that the Greek poet Sidon Antiparo included it among the Seven Wonders of the ancient world .
In addition to its beauty and its imposing aspect, this mausoleum marked a before and after in the transition to the monumental character of art, something that we can find in other works of the Hellenistic period, the fourth of the sculpture Greek
Since then, the mausoleum is called funeral monuments that yield tribute to a recognized or powerful personality. Many times, due to their characteristics, they are valued as great artistic manifestations and even become tourist attractions.
He Taj Mahal It is one of the most famous mausoleums of the world . It is located in the Indian city of Agra and was built in the XVII century . Shah jahan , Muslim emperor, was the one who ordered to build it in homage to his wife Mumtaz Mahal , who died giving birth to her fourteenth daughter.
Agra is in the state of Uttar Pradesh , and the mausoleum was built by the river Yamuna . It should be noted that it is a set of buildings imposing aspect, which is why he has achieved such worldwide fame According to some research, the work required more than twenty thousand workers led by many architects, who were following the orders of Ustad Ahmad Lahori , the architect of the court.
Among the known palaces, the Taj Mahal is considered the most beautiful worldwide. In his style we can find elements of several architectures , such as Indian, Persian, Turkish and Islamic. Another of its characteristic features is the love with which it was designed, something that, although subjective, can be appreciated by observing and touring it.
Although the best known part of the Taj Mahal is the mausoleum with a white marble dome, these are several walled buildings that reach seventeen hectares, where we can also find several gardens, a guest house and a mosque big size.
In 1983, this monument It was declared World Heritage for Unesco thanks to represent Indian Muslim art like no other and enjoy admiration from people around the world. It is an essential part of the country's history, which currently attracts almost ten million tourists per year and is part of the list of The New Seven Wonders of the Modern World .
The mausoleum of Lenin , meanwhile, is one of the sites of interest of Moscow . There lie the embalmed remains of the communist leader Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov , better known as Lenin who died in 1924 . This mausoleum is located in the Red Square of the Russian capital.
Another important mausoleum is from Genghis Khan , in China . In this case, the peculiarity is that it does not cover the body of the Mongol conqueror, since his whereabouts are unknown. The mausoleum was developed by the Chinese government between 1954 and 1956 .