Is called inaction to absence of action . The idea of action, meanwhile, refers to development, the result or the consequence of doing (generating, producing or executing something).
Inaction, therefore, is associated with stillness , the passivity wave inactivity . By example : "The player must add minutes of play little by little since it comes from five months of inaction due to an injury to his left knee", "The inaction of the government to the growth of insecurity is alarming", "If world leaders remain inactive, global warming will continue to move forward".
Take the case of a city that suffers a progressive increase in the level of pollution. This is mainly due to the lack of controls on industrial companies that dump their waste into a river and generate polluting emissions throughout the day. The neighbors, worried about the situation, protest these facts, but the mayor does not heed their claims, allowing everything to remain the same. This inaction by local authorities angers the villagers, who demand measures to protect the environment.
Suppose now that a policeman He is touring a neighborhood when he sees two armed criminals threaten a woman to steal her wallet. The victim, terrified, gives her belongings to the thieves, who escape running before the eyes of the officer who does not intervene at any time, does not pursue them and does not even give notice of what happened to her companions. The police inaction It is serious, since it implies a breach of duty.
The examples just shown show us the presence of a nuance in the meaning of the term inaction which presents it as a much broader concept than the mere absence of action, since it tells us of the breach of a obligation moral or lack of commitment to others. It is not the same a mower mower off, in full inactivity, than a policeman deliberately refusing to help someone in distress.
That said, it is not easy to find a synonym that encloses in itself this meaning in all its breadth, since we usually find the following two: inactivity and idleness. While the former does not seem to contribute much to the semantic level - and, in fact, it would not serve to clearly express the seriousness of the inaction of a police officer - the definition idleness yes you can give us complementary ideas to understand in greater depth the meaning of inaction.
An idle person has no obligation, does nothing, is unoccupied. This adjective is also synonymous with Useless, Of something without profit, that does not bear fruit O well that is not used to fulfill the function that was given at the time of creating it or that was assigned once discovered. With all this, we can retake the previous examples and note that several of these meanings respond correctly to what represents a lack of action on the part of a government when its people most need it or the police force before an armed robbery.
This definition hides a detail that may seem of little importance but exists to support its existence: we can only point out the inaction of something or someone who has the possibility to act; We don't do it, for example, when talking about a rock. In other words, the objects inanimate (those who do not have a soul or who do not give signs of life) do not incur inaction, since they do not do so in the action. This also explains the disappointment that arises when we think about what someone could have done but decided to stay crossed.