The lexicography is the technique that allows the dictionary or lexical composition . The concept is also used to name the linguistics branch dedicated to the analysis of the theories that support the development of a dictionary.
It can be said, in short, that lexicography is the discipline who takes care of the creation and critical study of dictionaries . A dictionary, in turn, is an orderly collection of terms or expressions, pertaining to a language or a certain subject. These publications, which can be printed or electronic, present the explanation or definition of each of their entries, a task assumed by experts in lexicography.
It is important not to confuse lexicography with lexicology . This last notion refers specifically to the study of lexical units and the systematic links that are forged between them. It is often stated that lexicography is aimed at collecting and explaining the words in a broad sense, while lexicology seeks to deepen these explanations.
The origins of lexicography go back to 3rd century BC . From that time dates a document that presents a glossary of the terms used in the Odyssey and the Iliad , two works attributed to Homer . It is considered that said job It is a precursor in the implementation of lexicography.
It was during the Middle Ages that lexicography got a big boost from the need to transmit knowledge . The discipline, in that framework, became more utilitarian and began to become frequent even the explanations that are added in the margins of the texts.