The Greek word hieratikós he came to Latin as hieratĭcus, which arrived in our language as hieratic . The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) recognizes several meanings of this concept.
The first meaning that mentions the RAE refers to the gesture or the style from great solemnity . The hieratic, in this framework, is linked to the pompous or what affected . For example: "With a hieratic gesture, the old man rejected the invitation and kept walking", "The artist remained hieratic throughout the concert and almost did not interact with the audience", "The monarch heard the president's speech hieratic and then approached to greet him".
Hieratic is also related to priests and to the sacred elements of the Antiquity . In this context, the idea mentions the spirituality of the pagan peoples.
The hieratic writing , meanwhile, was used by the ancient Egyptians, constituting itself as a abbreviation of hieroglyphic writing . One can be found "Explanation" etymological of this use of the term in engravings in stone made by the priests of that time.
When you wanted to write quickly and more simply than in hieroglyphs , the hieratic writing was used. Thus religious texts could be created, but also administrative.
This type of writing was also useful for writing in papyri with the calamus, a hollow cane. It is considered that the hieratic began to be used in the call Protodynamic Period of Egypt , which developed between the years 3300 and 3100 BC .
Although there are hieratic signs that are similar to hieroglyphs, experts believe that hieratic does not derive from hieroglyphic writing. Both of them systems They developed simultaneously, evolving in parallel.