Force It is a word derived from the Latin word fortress which refers to the robustness and vigor to cause movement in an object or in a being that has weight or that causes some degree of resistance; the vigor to withstand a push or weight; the most powerful state of something; the action that can modify the state of rest or movement of a body ; the natural condition of things; or the act of forcing a subject to perform a certain action.
In the case of the magnetic term, we have to state that its etymological origin is in the Greek and more specifically in the word magnetikos which can be defined as "relative to the magnet". And it is that it is composed from the sum of the word magnes, which is synonymous with "magnet", and the suffix -ico which is equivalent to "relative to".
Magnetic , meanwhile, is that which belongs or that is related to magnetism or that has the properties of a magnet . Magnetism is the force of attraction that a magnet exerts on iron or steel , while a magnet is a mineral that combines two iron oxides and has these magnetic capabilities.
The definition of magnetic force it refers, therefore, to the dimension of electromagnetic forces related to how loads that are kept moving are distributed. These forces arise when charged particles move, as is the case with electrons . In the case of magnets, the movement produces magnetic field lines that exit and re-enter the body, generating magnetism.
The magnetic force is directed from a pole to another. Each pole is a point where the lines of magnetic force converge. Therefore, when two magnets approach, this force generates an attraction between the two provided the poles are opposite. Instead, if the poles have the same polarity, the force of magnetism will cause these magnets to reject each other.
Thus, synthesizing and making clear the above, when talking about magnetic force we have to make it clear that there are two clearly differentiated types. Thus, first of all, there is what is known as magnetic force on a conductor and secondly we find the magnetic force between magnets.
In the first type mentioned, we also encounter the existence of two variants within it and this differentiation is based on the rectilinear or non-conductor form, which is that wire or wire through which the electric current circulates.
An example of magnetic force is found in the compass , whose magnetized needle always points the magnetic north.
All the above also leads us to make clear the existence of various works, concepts and studies such as the well-known Law of the Lorentz Force. This comes to be defined as that force that is exerted by an electromagnetic field that in turn receives an electric current or a charged particle.
A force cited that has various variants such as the classic or the alternatives, within which in turn we find the so-called tensor and integral force.