The term malnutrition refers to a pathological state caused by lack of ingestion or absorption of nutrients . According to the severity of the condition, this disease can be divided into first, second and third grade .
Occasionally, the disorder may be mild and present, without symptoms, by a improper or poorly balanced diet . However, there are other more serious cases, in which the consequences can become irreversible (although the person continue with life), caused by digestive disorders and absorption problems.
Fatigue, dizziness, fainting, lack of menstruation, poor growth in children, weight loss and decreased immune response of the body are some of the symptom that can alert you to a possible malnutrition picture.
In general, this condition linked to nutrition can be corrected with the replacement of the missing nutrients and, if it is caused by a specific problem of the organism, with an appropriate treatment that counteracts nutritional deficiency. If it is not detected in time or the necessary medical attention is not received, malnutrition can lead to disability , both mental and physical, diseases and it can even turn out mortal .
Malnutrition is, according to United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) , the leading cause of death of infants and young children in developing countries . Therefore, preventing this disease has become a priority for World Health Organization (WHO) .