Description , originating in Latin description, is the action and effect of describing (represent someone or something through the language , define something giving a general idea, outline, figure). The description provides information about someone or something, with different degrees of detail possible.
For example: “The police have disseminated a detailed description of the fugitive's appearance so that citizens can collaborate with their search”, "The chronicler made a wonderful description of the atmosphere that was lived on the march", “Marcos got mad at Santiago for the unoptimistic description he made of the situation”, “When I hear your description of the beach, I feel that I am standing by the sea”.
It can be said that the description is a representation of something or someone through the word and that includes a Explanation neat and detailed of different qualities and circumstances.
It is important to keep in mind that any description is inevitably subjective since it is responsible for representing by means of language (written or oral) partial aspects of how a person Observe and interpret reality. The point of view of the person who describes, their needs and their previous knowledge about the subject matter are some of the many factors that influence the result.
If two journalists attend a celebration and then describe their experience, it is possible that each text tells a different story, perhaps the opposite; the same event that for one may seem “Picturesque and lively”, can result “Chaotic and scandalous” for the other. It should be clarified that this is not the result of manipulation of the true, but it shows the differences between both people.
There are various types of description; In principle, it is possible to distinguish between:
* objective (or denotative), which consists in the reconstruction of reality without allowing personal matters to interfere, such as taste and opinions. This is the type of description used in technical and scientific texts, since it simply seeks to inform;
* subjective (or connotative), which adds to the information a personal appreciation, a point of view that makes each description unique and unrepeatable. Unlike the previous type, it uses a subjective language, typical of poetry, to express the Print that the object causes in its observer.
Taking into account this first classification, the descriptions can be grouped according to the language they use:
* literary: it relies on the resources of the language to enhance the aesthetic aspects of the text, embellishing the information, making it more pleasant for the recipient;
* scientific: the vocabulary used seeks absolute clarity, the highest degree of precision and objectivity;
* colloquial: it is about the use of everyday language, terms and resources available to anyone.
Also, the described object opens the doors to the following types of description:
* chronography: this is the description of a time or period in which a given event takes place;
* zoography: They describe animals, belonging to any species;
* hypothesis: Very vivid story to describe an abstract situation, trying to generate in the receiver the sensation of knowing it through an intense use of emotions;
* topography: used especially for the reconstruction of the characteristics of a landscape, it is a description from a fixed position, a static observation of an object.
With regard to descriptions of people, what is known by the name of characterization, there are also various types, such as:
* prosopography: the appearance physicists of an individual;
* etopeya: it focuses on psychological characteristics and moral level;
* portrait: the combination of prosopography and etopeya;
* self Portrait: a portrait of oneself.