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There are so many types of analysis that focusing on a single definition applicable in all areas is very complicated. At a general level, it can be said that an analysis consists of identifying the components of a whole, separating them and examining them in order to gain access to their most elementary principles.

When you talk about clinical analysis , mention is made of a quantitative and qualitative examination of certain components of an organism. This test allows to develop a diagnosis of a situation related to health.

The distinction between qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis refers to the type of data with which they work. While the quantitative analysis seeks to know quantities, the qualitative analysis focuses on characteristics that cannot be quantified.

A quantitative analysis of the components of a beverage may indicate that one liter of said substance has 100 milliliters of component A, 450 milliliters of component B and 450 milliliters of component C. The qualitative analysis, on the other hand, may indicate that component A is sweet and helps improve the taste, while components B and C provide acidity to quench the thirst of the person who consumes the drink.

A genetic analysis is intended to obtain information about a person's DNA, ancestor, possible diseases congenital and a series of other data. It is usually done from a blood or saliva sample.

There are five types of genetic analysis:

Tracking : Allows obtaining the information of an individual to determine recessive genetic disturbances that can be communicated through genes. It is usually done between couples who want to have children and come from families who have certain diseases to prevent possible complications in that child.

Prenatal diagnosis : is a genetic test that is performed on creatures before they are born; It is usually done when there is a possibility that the baby is a carrier of a genetic disease, or has other problems such as Mental retardation or some kind of physical disability .

Newborn scan : It allows to know when the child has just been born if he has any possibility of getting sick and in the case that this study is positive, it allows to look for treatments that are available in order to anticipate the facts and prevent a catastrophe .

Late onset disorders : It allows to discover diseases of difficult diagnosis in adults, as for example cancer or heart disease whose causes may be genetic but with environmental elements that have led to them.

Any of these analyzes aims to achieve Genetic information of a person in order to prevent possible disorders or find the right treatment to treat an existing problem.

Another type of analysis may be the risk analysis which consists of a methodology tool that serves to understand investments in a local, national or international scope. It allows to predict certain disasters and to evaluate those damages or losses that have arisen as a result of an external threat on a person or a group (municipalities, communities).

In order for it to be carried out, it is essential to take into account not only the threats, but also the vulnerability of the affected sector. Once a thorough study of the disaster and its consequences has been carried out, it is determined what capabilities the State has to face the reconstruction or healing of the damage caused and if it will need international cooperation. In short, thanks to this tool, not only can an ecological problem be understood, for example, but also an action plan can be designed to solve it and prevent similar future problems. Finally, it should be noted that the main purpose of risk analysis is improve decision making in order to prioritize investments in the local and national aspect.

In statistics there is the term in the concept Multivariate analysis to the set of methods offered by statistics to shred the values ​​of different variables, taken by one or several groups and establish comparisons and generalizations. It is a method that offers elements that do not possess the methods univariate and bivariant and therefore allows to solve things from a more accurate statistical point of view, essential in certain cases.

That said, we will conclude by stating that an analysis can also be a evaluation , a exam or one investigation of an intellectual work. The term is also used in reference to psychoanalytic therapy when referring to the evaluation of patients.

Some phrases where the term appears can be: "We will have to submit the patient to a toxicological analysis to know why he arrived at the clinic in this state", "The manager spent several hours analyzing the report", "I think the analysis of the game that the coach did is very successful".

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