He mountaineering is a sport activity implying climb a high mountain . The term, according to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), comes from alpine, a adjective which, in turn, refers to Alps .
With this in mind, it is worth mentioning that Alps they are a mountain range that is found in the European continent and that extends for Switzerland , France , Austria , Italy , Monaco , Germany , Liechtenstein and Slovenia . Its highest peak reaches 4810 meters high above sea level: it is about Mont Blanc , located between France and Italy . The RAE also accepts the notion of Alps to refer to any mountain of considerable height.
Mountaineering, on the other hand, is synonymous with mountaineering and even of climbing (This last concept has its origin in the Andes , a mountain range of the American continent). This means that when a person He decides to climb a great mountain, it can be indicated that he is practicing mountaineering, mountaineering or mountaineering.
There are other synonyms, such as being Himalayas, but the most correct and widely accepted is mountaineering, since it neutrally describes that the activity It consists of climbing mountains. This does not mean, on the other hand, that the most popular is mountaineering. Broadly speaking, we can say that it is divided into the following areas, each of which requires a well-defined specialty:
* trekking : in English it is called hiking, and we can also find it with this name in Spanish-speaking countries. It is a sports activity that is carried out on roads that an organism must mark and homologate previously. As in other cases, it is not a sport competitive ; However, this does not mean that from time to time events are held in which a record of the order in which each participant reaches the goal is left, or of the number of walks that have been able to finish;
* hiking : a mountaineering specialty focused on crossings or routes by sites that are usually far away and without paths drawn. The objective of this activity is recreation, so it is not a competitive sport either. The normal thing is that the route is made on foot, and in this case the English term can be used trekking as a synonym;
* climbing : Its purpose is to climb very steep walls, using physical force, but also mental. The difficulty level of ascent It is not decisive to consider an activity as part of the climb. Unlike other mountaineering specialties, it requires the use of the upper extremities in combination with the lower ones. In fact, sometimes it is also necessary to use the knees;
* canyoning : It is an adventure sport that focuses on ravines or river canyons. The tours This activity can be varied, with desert landscapes or thick vegetation, dry or with bodies of water, and one of its disciplines, called torrentism, demands the overcoming of these changes on the road alternating different actions, such as swim, walk, climb and descend .
Although it can be considered as a sport , mountaineering also has links with the Adventure trip and even with the exploration from unknown lands. His practice requires excellent physical condition, knowledge about the mountains and various specific skills: otherwise, the person will not only be unable to reach the summit, but will also put his life at risk.
Beyond physical skills and techniques , who is dedicated to mountaineering must have the appropriate clothing to withstand the low temperatures and with accessories such as ropes, climbing peak, etc.