Before entering fully into the establishment of the meaning of the term recidivism, it is necessary that we proceed to determine its etymological origin. In this sense, we can expose that it derives from Latin, since it is the result of the sum of two components of that language:
-The prefix “re-”, which is used to indicate repetition or again.
-The verb "incidere", which can be translated as "repeat."
It is called recidivism to repetition of a true vice, error or slip . The concept is often used in the field of right with reference to the fact commit the same kind of crime twice or more .
Recidivism, in this sense, is considered as a aggravating at the time of condemning a person . That is to say: he who, at the time, was convicted of a certain crime and then recidivism, receives a more serious sentence on the second occasion.
Repeat, in short, consists in reiterating a guilt . At the legal level, it began to be taken as an aggravating responsibility in the first decades of XIX century . Before, responsibility was only taken into account in crimes committed against patrimony.
If we focus on the legal thing, only those who, previously, were convicted of any one can fall back into recidivism crime . Recidivism implies that the person has criminal record .
It is considered that any person who undertakes a recurrence in the crime for which he was already convicted and sentenced, can do so for different and varied reasons, such as:
-For social reasons, since he lives in a marginal environment where values and morals shine for his absence and where crime is the dominant note. Situations that lead you to influence the same mistakes again.
-For family reasons. This refers to many criminals reoffending because they live in unstructured, marginal families, with serious problems of drug addiction, with examples of parents who have also been or are in jail ... However, sometimes the fact of living within families without resources, it is the one that leads them to fall again in committing robberies and robberies as a way to survive.
-By personal factors. It should not be overlooked that there are also individuals who fall back on the recidivism of a crime for their own personality. Thus, there are those who do it because they need to live to the limit and are rebellious or violent, there are those who repeat mistakes because they have mental problems ...
At present, recidivism is often considered a reflection of the malfunction of criminal system . A high percentage of crimes are usually committed by individuals who have already been convicted and who spent some time in prison. That many people fall back into recidivism reveals the uselessness of prisons to reform people and to ensure that they can effectively reintegrate into society and to the legal framework.
In the context of the medicine , on the other hand, is known as repeat fever to an infectious disease that is characterized by a recurring increase in body temperature.