This term that we are going to analyze now we have to say that it is a neologism that was coined in the last stages of the 19th century, specifically in 1892, by the Spanish doctor Andrés del Busto y López. And he did it using two words of Greek origin:
- "Cheirós", which can be translated as "hand".
-The verb "phaino", which is synonymous with "show".
Operating room It is a term that, in its original meaning, referred to a space to make surgical interventions whose design allowed to observe the operation Through a glass. Currently, it is known as an operating room Any place that is intended for surgical interventions .
For example: "The patient was taken to the operating room moments ago", “The Venezuelan singer went through the operating room to get a touch up on his face”, "My aunt spent five hours in the operating room until they were able to remove the bullet from her lung".
An operating room, therefore, is an operating room. These facilities have various sectors that house everything necessary for the development of a surgery and to face its possible consequences, including complications arising from the intervention .
Although they are part of a hospital , operating rooms are isolated from the rest of the rooms to minimize the chances of infection in the patient. Within the operating room, surgeons, anesthetists, nurses, instrumentalists and other professionals work.
Given the important work carried out in the operating rooms, it is necessary that these spaces have careful hygiene and safety measures, in favor of the health of the patients who are operated. For this reason, professionals who work in a hospital must take into account and follow these rules in this regard:
- There must be signs to indicate that it is operating rooms and that it is forbidden to go to outside personnel.
-They have to be acoustically isolated speaking.
-The walls should be smooth so that it is much easier to clean them.
-The environment that exists within the operating rooms, in order to avoid bacteria, must be determined by a maximum temperature of 21º and a relative humidity of 50%.
-Professionals who are going to participate in an operation must be equipped with clean and sterilized characteristic pajamas, and they must also wear masks and caps, while covering their feet.
-In the same way, you should wash your hands thoroughly and then put on the respective gloves. That wash should take approximately five minutes, should be done with the recommended product and with special emphasis on nails and fingers.
The operating room must occupy a strategic position within the structure from a hospital Among the issues to consider, the operating room must have close access to the intensive therapy room for the immediate transfer of the patient.
It should be noted that all operating rooms have a restricted access area , which is where operations take place. There, professionals and patients must enter with specific clothing to maintain hygiene and avoid contamination present in external spaces.