In order to know the meaning of the term fantastic story it is interesting to begin by discovering the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
- As it derives from Latin, it exactly comes from “computus” that can be translated as “account” or “computation”.
-Fantastic, on the other hand, derives from the Greek. In its specific case, it comes from “phantastikos” which means “that it only exists in the imagination”. It is the result of the sum of two distinct parts: the verb "phaine", which is synonymous with "appearing", and the suffix "-tico", which is equivalent to "relative to".
A story It is a short story that presents fictional facts. Fantastic , on the other hand, is something out of the ordinary or linked to fantasy (imagination).
In this framework, we can affirm that a fantastic story is a story that has supernatural elements . The definition, however, is not too precise, since most of the stories are based on situations or characters supernatural and yet not everyone is qualified as fantastic.
It is generally considered that a fantastic story is that based on something extraordinary , which has no existence in the real world nor can it be explained from the reason . In the internal logic of the story, anyway, the fantastic can be seen as normal.
He book known as "Arabian Nights" , to name a case, it is popular for its fantastic tales. In "Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp" For example, a genie comes out of a lamp and fulfills all the wishes of a young man. In "Ali baba and the forty thieves" , a magic cave that stores treasures opens and closes before expressions "Open Sesame!" or "Close, Sesame!". These stories are fantastic because, in the real world, there are no geniuses capable of granting wishes or objects that move through magical formulas.
A fantastic story could include the following fragment: “Desperate for the death of his son, Ringo went to the village shaman. The sorcerer, moved, gave him a violet powder and told him to throw it on his son's grave on the next full moon night. Ringo took the dust, left, and three days later, he was able to follow the shaman's instructions. Despite his action, he did not notice any movement and returned home crying. While trying to rest in his room, he heard the door open: when he looked up, he saw his dead son enter the room ... "
Throughout the history of literature there are many authors who have managed to leave their mark thanks to the fantastic stories they have made. Among those we can highlight some such as the following:
-The American writer Henry James (1843 - 1916), who bequeathed us works such as "Private life" (1892), "The altar of the dead" (1895) or "Another twist" (1898).
-The English Oscar Wilde (1854 - 1900) wrote fantastic works such as "The Ghost of Canterville" (1887).
-Washington Irving (1783 - 1859) is an American author who has also achieved great relevance thanks to his fantastic short story entitled "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1820).
-The genre of horror literature has a great exponent in North American writer Stephen King. A pen that has made fantastic stories that has been collected in different anthologies as would be the case of "fantastic stories" (2016).