From Latin basis (which, in turn, has its origin in a Greek word), the base is the support, foundation or support of something . It can be a physical element (the component that supports a construction or a statue) or symbolic (the support for a person , organization or idea ).
Base can be the support point of a structure . For example: “The building fell because it had problems at its base”, “The artist commissioned a cement base of 50 kilograms to support the work”.
He place where it is concentrated personal and equipment for organizing campaigns or expeditions It is also known as a base: “We tried to reach the top but, in the face of the storm, we had to return to the base”, "The US base of operations in Baghdad was bombarded by insurgent troops".
At a political or social level, it is known as the basis for group of people represented by a leader . The basis is, therefore, the popular support of a political project or of a candidacy: "The bases have demanded from the leaders a greater effort in the defense of economic sovereignty".
At sport, the base can be each of the corners of the baseball field that players must defend or the position of the game owner at basketball : "Be careful, they will try to steal our base", "Steve Nash is the best base in recent years in the NBA".
The rules that regulate a raffle or contest, the parallel line to the one on which theoretically rests a geometric figure and the substance that, in combination with acids, can form you go out , are other meanings of this concept.
It is known by the base name of operations to the area used to concentrate the army at the beginning of a campaign, as well as to gather and store everything necessary to sustain itself. Despite presenting different requirements in each case, the base of operations is indispensable in any situation (whether the offensive or defensive is taken).
First, it must be a solid and resistant structure, since it can be used by the army before an early defeat. It is advisable that some element of considerable dimensions hides it from the enemy's vision (as it happens with a mountain) or that there is an obstacle difficult to cross between the base and the battlefield (a river of great flow, swamps or leafy forests).
However, the more unfathomable the base of operations, the more difficult it will be for your own army to go to it in case of emergency. This is a decision that directly affects the strategy, which is why it is key for the success of a campaign The ideal conditions are good protection from obstacles of nature and a sufficient number of communications with the outside, as well as a depth that allows the troops to relax and regain strength.
When there is a large front, the army is offered greater security in maintaining communication while advancing and, at the same time, the troops are disturbed enemy, since there are more points to make an attack, which usually forces them to divide.
There are times when it is necessary to choose a base for a while, to increase the threat with greater closeness, or as a midpoint between the current one and a new objective. The name this base receives is "eventual".
An invasion of a country it requires secondary bases to accompany the advance of the troops and offer them at every step the resources for their survival; It should be mentioned that they must meet the same requirements as the main ones and that the distance between them depends on various factors, both geographical and strategic.