The idea of health prevention is linked to the actions aimed at avoid diseases . These are measures that seek above all prevent the emergence of a disease but that, once appeared, they also try slow down and minimize its consequences .
Health prevention, also mentioned as prevention in health , aims to promote the care of the body and mind. It is important to keep in mind that, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO ), more than 60% of the deaths that occur every year around the world are due to chronic noncommunicable diseases , whose progress can be halted or slowed down with medical attention on time.
In this way, a health prevention program can contribute to minimize the development of chronic respiratory diseases or cardiovascular diseases , for example. For this, doctors are responsible for promoting physical exercise and the healthy diets and to modify the harmful habits of the patient (such as smoking and the sedentary lifestyle ).
It is common for the notion of health prevention to be confused with the idea of Health promotion . In this second case, reference is specifically made to activities aimed at improving Health and the quality of life and to provide each individual with greater control over their own health.
Many times since State Great importance is given to health prevention as part of public policies. In Mexico , to mention a country, there is the Undersecretariat of Health Prevention and Promotion , which has attached units such as National Center for Preventive Programs and Disease Control and the General Directorate of Health Promotion , among other.