Preschool is a adjective which is used to name the stage of the educational process that precedes elementary school . This means that, before beginning primary education, children go through a period qualified as preschool.
The characteristics of preschool education depend on each educational system. Usually, it is a stage that It is not mandatory : The parents of the children, therefore, can decide whether to send their children to these educational centers or not. In some countries, however, the preschool level is part of the education .
There are several ways to name the establishments that offer preschool education services. It can be a Kinder garden , a kindergarten , a kindergarten or other type of center . Typically, they receive children between a few months of age to six years, age from which the child must enter primary school.
In the first bars of the nineteenth century, specifically in the year 1816, is where the origin of preschool education. And it was at that time when, in the Scottish city of New Lanark, the pedagogue Robert Owen, also recognized for being a utopian socialist, carried out the first preschool institute.
A proposal that soon, shortly thereafter, began to spread throughout the world. In this way, it was also launched in 1828, by the Countess Teresa Brunszvik, another educational center of that type that was called "Angyalkert", which can be translated as "angel garden."
Preschool education centers take care of children and stimulate their senses . In this way, they manage to generate the mental structures necessary for the development of formal learning that will begin in the following years.
Preschool education is also important for the child socialization . This is the first time that he moves away from the family environment and that he remains without his parents. These institutions, on the other hand, bring it closer to other children, forming new bonds.
Among the pillars of preschool education, we could highlight the following:
-The development of motor training.
-The development of creative ability.
-The impulse to the capacity of expression, in all its different modalities.
-The knowledge of the alphabet and the first approaches to reading.
-The development of the numerical sense.
Although it is true that it is not mandatory, more and more parents are choosing to take their children to preschool education centers. And this brings important benefits such as these:
-It favors subsequent educational success in students.
-Capacita the minors to develop in the world by themselves.
-They learn values such as empathy, tolerance, solidarity, respect for others ...
-Children learn what discipline is and that every objective requires effort to achieve it.
-The minors sharpen their creativity.
It is important to note that preschool education centers must have the endorsement of State for its funtionability. This guarantees that children will be cared for properly, in a healthy environment.